Bali joglo wooden house ceiling joglo

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The wooden TUMPANGSARI OR CEILING rises to the roof in the JOGLO
This very beautiful element of JOGLO allowed the inhabitant to take refuge below in case of earthquake, because it was maintained by four pillars almost indestructible also called “Soko Guru”. literally “the master”
The joglo roof is the most complex of all types of Javanese roofs. Unlike the other type of Javanese roof such as the Limasan and Kampung roof, the joglo roof does not use royal posts. The Joglo roof consists of columns that rise as you move up towards the centre. The four tallest columns are often the tallest inside the main house, while the outer columns are the lowest. These four columns inside the house support a roof that is the steepest of all Javanese roof types, almost forming a pyramid, except that it is two points rather than one. These four columns of the main house are topped by a unique structural element known as tumpang sari. A sari tumpang is essentially a layered beam structure; the outermost beam strip supports the rafters of the upper and lower roofs, while the heavily decorated inner beam strip creates a vaulted ceiling in the form of an inverted pyramid staircase.
Joglo base houses can be expanded by adding additional columns and extending the roof surface outwards[2] Some very large joglo roofs, such as the roof of the Great Pendopo of the Mangkunegaran Palace, have a shape that resembles that of a mountain.
Traditionally, the joglo roof is used for the house itself (omah) or the pavilion (pendopo) of noble families. In a large house of a noble Javanese family, the central part of the house is covered with a joglo roof. The space in the middle of the house, known as the dalem, is considered the most sacred. This sacred space – especially the area under the sari tumpang – is often left empty. Nowadays, the region has no particular use, but traditionally incense was burned once a week in this region to honour the rice goddess Dewi Sri, or in Central Java, to honour Nyai Roro Kidul[2] This sacred area is also the place where the married couple sit during their marriage
The joglo roof is an emblematic Javanese roof shape. The Joglo roof influenced the development of Dutch colonial architecture in Indonesia. Modern buildings in Indonesia, such as large halls or airport terminals, sometimes use the joglo roof.



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