Bali joglo wooden house origin history

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Joglo is a type of traditional vernacular house of the Javanese people (Javanese omah). The word joglo refers to the shape of the roof. In the highly hierarchical Javanese culture, the type of roof of a house reflects the social and economic status of the owners of the house; Joglo houses is traditionally associated with Javanese aristocrats.
Joglo roof can be implemented in housing (omah) or pavilion (pendopo).
The Joglo roof is the most complex of all Javanese roof types. Different with the other type of Javanese roof such as the roof limasan and Kampung, roof joglo do not use the messages of king. Roof joglo consists of columns that become more like going to the center. The four main columns of the most intimate house are often the highest, while the outer columns are the lowest. These four most intimate house columns support a roof that is the stiffest of all Javanese roof types; almost form a pyramid, except that it is two points rather than one. These four most internal columns of the main house is surmounted by a unique structural element called tumpang sari. A tumpang sari is basically the structure of layered beams; the outermost strip of bundles supports the rafters of the two upper and lower roofs, while the inner band of heavily decorated beams create a vaulted ceiling in the form of an inverted tiered pyramid.
The basic Joglo homes-type can be expanded in size, adding additional columns and extending the roof surface outwards. Some very large joglo roof, like the roof of the Grand Pendopo of Mangkunegaran Palace, has a shape reminiscent of a mountain.
Traditionally, the joglo roof is used for the clean house (omah) or the pavilion (pendopo) of noble families. In a large compound house of a Javanese noble family, the joglo roof covers the very center part of the house. The space in the middle of the house, known as Dalem, is considered the most sacred. This sacred space especially the area under the tumpang sari is often left empty. In modern times, the region has no specific use, but traditionally an incense was burned once a week in this area to honor the goddess Dewi Sri rice, or in central Java, to honor Ratu Kidul . This sacred area is also the region where the bride and groom sit during their wedding ceremony.
The joglo roof is an iconic jungle roof form. Joglo roof has influenced the development of Dutch colonial architecture in Indonesia. Modern buildings in Indonesia, such as large buildings in the air terminal or airport, sometimes use the jogloose roof.

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